Putting Voc. Ed. and Education profession first: Beyond consumerism and profit

By Dr. Bruce D. Watson, DED (Melb), Member, International Vocational Education and Training Association (IVETA) –


IVETA is an international network of vocational educators and service providers dedicated to the advancement and improvement of high-quality vocational education and training wherever it exists and wherever it is needed.


1. Promote excellence and quality in vocational education and training.

2. Provide support and services to members across the global TVET community.

3. Actively advocate on behalf of members and create a strong and united voice on behalf of the TVET community


By joining IVETA, you become involved with an expanding, innovative organization that can help you reach out across international borders to assist and be assisted by vocational education and training developments in many countries.

Membership is open to anyone interested in improving the world through vocational education and training.  Membership includes benefits designed to help members in the profession of vocational education and training.

IVETRA Strategic Planning Framework Summary 2015-2020

pdf. document: http://bit.ly/1PpeKVo

Working to create a new era

IVETA is working to create a new era in communication among vocational educators around the globe. Members include practitioners, researchers, and students in the field of vocational education and training as well as institutions, organizations, and companies actively engaged in human resource development.

IVETA celebrated its 30 Year Anniversary in 2014.  Some of the history of IVETA can be found in these documents:

IVETA strives to accomplish these purposes:

IVETA promotes the cause of international vocational education and training and provides focused, in-depth coverage of critical issues in the field and of new and exciting approaches to those issues.

IVETA’s quarterly Hot Line brings you news of the organization, announcements of up-coming events, information on programs and developments, and reports of important conference presentations on the latest concepts and developments in vocational education and training worldwide.

An dynamic membership directory including telephone, Fax, E-mail, and other pertinent information about each IVETA member, provides quick and easy contact with a wide variety of your colleagues in vocational education and training across the globe.

IVETA’s conferences and meetings provide opportunities for you to meet your global colleagues face to face and to share information and experiences for improving and advancing vocational education and training.

IVETA international membership provides a global network of contacts in vocational education and training  eager to learn about the ideas, programs, techniques, and products that you have developed and to share their own ideas and products with you as well.

International Journal of Vocational Education and Training (IJVET)

Tips for Writing Acceptable Manuscript

There is no blue print for writing a publishable manuscript because different journals make different demands.  Nevertheless, reputable journals demand high quality manuscripts and International Journal of Vocational Education and Training (IJVET) is no exception.  Acceptable and publishable manuscripts in IJVET must reflect the following features. IJVET welcomes high quality manuscripts that potentially contribute to theoretical knowledge and application in the field of vocational education and training with national and international outreach. The following features are paramount for high quality manuscripts.

Conceptual Framework  

  •  A quality manuscript starts with developing a conceptual framework. It sets the stage for a constructive foundation for writing a quality paper. It is used to provide theoretical background of the problem to be investigated in the study and to entice and convince the reader of the relevance of the study. It is important that the theoretical framework is coherent and connected with the related literature in a manner that addresses the scope and the nature of the study.

Problem Statement

  •  The problem statement needs to flow from the theoretical background to give it a continuity. It should be written in a way that delineates the observed problem to be investigated in the study within the area of vocational education and training. The problem should be concisely and clearly articulated.  It should worded and posed as a problem or a puzzle that needs to be solved.

Research Questions/Hypotheses

  •  Research questions or hypotheses depends on the type of research study being conducted and should be derived from the problem statement. Research questions or hypotheses should be vividly stated so that the reader should not play a guessing game trying to decide what the research questions or the hypotheses are.
  • Avoid ambiguous research questions or hypotheses.

Contribution to the field of Vocational Education, Practice and Training

  •  The study may investigate aspects of vocational education from teaching or application point view, offering new insight; providing information or data that go beyond what is known presently as well as advancing theories in the field.
  • Providing fresh and deeper understanding of the phenomenon under investigation rather than a shallow description of events or practices in the field of vocational education and training.
  • The question to ask is: does the research provide data to add to knowledge in the area of vocational education?

Literature Review

  •  Insightful literature review is recommended.
  • Merely mentioning authors or stating what they said is not a proper way to provide illuminating review of relate literature.
  •  A critical reflection of literature is required in order to better understand the problem of interest.
  • Credible sources like peer reviewed articles are recommended.
  • Authors should avoid relying on unpublished papers which may not be credible.
  •  It is important to cite from original work and accurately report findings.
  •  It is not advisable to have a long list of previous work without specifying their connection to the present study.
  •  If classic study is cited, it should be explained as such.
  •  In most cases, use current literature in vocational education and training or articles that are pertinent to current study.
  • Do not limit your literature review to your own work or that of your colleagues.
  •  IJVET has a wide audience and this should be reflected in the literature review so that the study can have a broader appeal.

Research Methodology

  • The population should be clearly described and the number of the participants specified.
  •  Evidence should be provided to establish that the population selected is appropriate for the study at hand.
  •  If sample is used, a vivid description is required and the method of sampling should be explained.
  •  A representative sample of the population is required and the number of the sampled subjects is also required.
  •  Methods of data collection should be clearly described.
  • Briefly discuss the approaches for developing the instrument for data collection.
  • Establish validity and reliability of the instrument used for data collection and described how it is achieved.

Research Design

  • Choose design that is appropriate for the study.
  • Justify your choice of design by briefly describing why it is suitable for the study
  • Describe your research design in a step by step approach
  • Describe any threat to your design and how you address such threat.

Findings and Discussion

  • Results should be derived from the data analysis. Sometimes results are not supported by available data contained in the study. This should be avoided.
  • Avoid using inappropriate statistics techniques.
  • Appropriate statistics should be used and it is important that authors briefly explain the appropriateness of the statistical analyses employed.
  • Discussion should not be based on the repetition of the findings.
  •  Discussion should be based on interpreting the results and pointing out similarities and inconsistencies within the existing literature in the area of vocational education and/or related areas.
  •  In the discussion section, authors should attempt to situate their findings within the existing body of knowledge in the area of vocational education and training.
  • Conditions or situations that may impact methodological design or ecological generalization should be acknowledged.


  • Conclusion should be based on the interpretation of the results following data analysis.
  •  Conclusions should be drawn within the scope of the results
  • Avoid conclusion which is beyond the scope of the data generated.
  •  Conclusion should not be a repeat of the discussion

Implications and Recommendations

  • Identify the outcome and the pitfall of the study
  • Discuss the potential benefits of the research to existing body of knowledge in the field of vocational education and training.
  • Questions which the study is not able to answer should be identified.
  •  Recommendation for future is usually based on the study limitations
  • Future study could emanate from the flaws observed from the current study
  • Future study could come  from a desire to carry out similar study in a different location

Style, Word Limit, References and APA Format

  • Manuscript should be well edited before submission.
  • High quality writing style is required for acceptable manuscript for IJVET publication.
  • Manuscripts should be 5,000 words in length.
  • References both in the body of the manuscript and in the reference page should reflect American Psychological Association (APA) format.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s